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By: David Kwong

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More Information on Jiu-Jitsu

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is a martial art, combat sport & a form of self-defense that focuses on grappling & ground fighting. The art was derived from the Japanese martial art of Kodokan judo in the early 20th century, which was itself developed from some of schools (or Ryu) of Japanese jujutsu in the 19th century.

It promotes the principle that a smaller, weaker person can successfully defend themself against a bigger, stronger assailant by using leverage & proper technique—most notably by applying joint-locks & chokeholds to defeat the other person. Brazilian Jiu Jitsu can be trained for sport grappling tournaments (gi & no-gi) & mixed martial arts (MMA) competition or self-defense. Sparring (commonly called 'rolling') & live drilling play a major role in training, & a premium is placed on performance, in competition.

The Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu ranking process awards a practitioner different colored belts to signify increasing levels of technical knowledge and practical skill. While the system's structure shares its origins with the judo ranking process and the origins of all colored belts, it now contains plenty of of its own distinctive aspects and themes. A number of these differences are relatively minor, such as the division between youth and adult belts and the stripe/degree process. Others are distinct and have become synonymous with the art, such as a marked informality in promotional criteria, including as a focus on a competitive demonstration of skill, and a conservative approach to promotion in general. Traditionally, the concept of competitive skill demonstration as a quickened and earned route of promotion holds true.

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu emphasizes taking an opponent to the ground & utilizing ground fighting techniques & submission holds involving joint-locks & chokeholds also found in numerous other arts with or without ground fighting emphasis. The premise is that most of the advantage of a larger, stronger opponent comes from superior reach & more powerful strikes, both of which are negated when grappling on the ground.

The Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu practitioner's uniform is similar to a judogi, but often with tighter cuffs on the pants & jacket. This allows the practitioner to benefit from a closer fit, providing less material for an opponent to manipulate, although there is a significant overlap in the standards that allows for a carefully chosen Gi to be legal for competition in both styles. To be promoted in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, the wearing of the Gi while training is a requirement, but recently with the growing popularity of "no gi" Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, instructors have been giving out belts to no gi practitioners. Such as Rolles Gracie awarding Rashad Evans a black belt.

Sport Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu's focus on submissions without the use of strikes while training allows practitioners to practice at full speed & with full power, resembling the hard work used in a real competition. Training methods include system drills in which techniques are practiced against a non-resisting partner; isolation sparring, commonly called positional drilling, where only a sure system or sets of techniques are used, & full sparring in which each opponent tries to submit their opponent using any legal system. Physical conditioning is also an important part of training at plenty of clubs.

History of Jiu-Jitsu


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